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Atherosclerosis

Paraoxonase-1 activity and oxidative stress in patients with anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention with and without no-reflow.


PMID 24763406

Abstract

Reperfusion and ischemic injuries are pathogenetic mechanisms of no-reflow. Oxidative stress plays a critical role during ischemia as well as during the reperfusion phase following ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to investigate the relationship between no-reflow with paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity and oxidative stress markers (total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), lipid hydro-peroxide (LOOH)) in patients with anterior STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this study, 319 consecutive anterior STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI were prospectively included (mean age 56.5 ± 12.5 years). The patients were divided into two groups as normal flow (n = 231) and no-reflow (n = 88) groups. Serum PON-1 activity was measured spectrophotometrically. TAC and TOS levels were determined by using an automated measurement method. LOOH levels were measured by ferrous oxidation with xylenol orange assay. PON-1 activity and TAC levels were significantly lower and TOS, OSI and LOOH levels were significantly higher in patients with no-reflow compared to normal flow group (p < 0.05, for all). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, PON-1 activity (β = 0.976, 95% CI = 0.962-0.990, p = 0.001) and OSI (β = 1.094, 95% CI = 1.042-1.148, p < 0.001) as well as diabetes, infarction time, thrombus score and initial SYNTAX score were independently associated with no-reflow. In patients with no-reflow compared with normal flow, oxidants are increased, while serum PON-1 activity and antioxidants are decreased. This result shows that increased oxidative stress has a role in the pathogenesis of no-reflow.