Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Effect of hypotonic 0.18% sodium hyaluronate eyedrops on inflammation of the ocular surface in experimental dry eye.

PMID 24766323


To investigate the efficacy of hypotonic 0.18% sodium hyaluronate (SH) eyedrops in a mouse model of experimental dry eye (EDE). EDE was induced in C57BL/6 mice by a subcutaneous scopolamine injection and an air draft. The mice were divided into 4 groups according to topical treatment regimens: EDE control, isotonic 0.5% carboxymethycellulose (CMC), isotonic 0.1% SH, and hypotonic 0.18% SH. Tear volume, corneal smoothness, and corneal staining scores were measured at 5 and 10 days of EDE. Multiplex immunobead assay, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry for proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and inflammatory molecules were performed at 10 days of EDE. The 0.18% SH group had a significantly lower corneal smoothness and staining scores than the 0.5% CMC and 0.1% SH groups at 10 days of EDE (P<0.05). The 0.18% SH group showed significantly low levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, monokine induced by interferon-γ, and interferon-γ-inducible protein 10 compared with the other groups (P<0.05). The mean percentages of CD4(+)CXCR3(+), CD40(+), and CD44(+) cells in the conjunctiva were significantly lower in the 0.18% SH group than in the other groups (P<0.05). In addition, the 0.1% SH group showed lower levels of TNF-α and IL-1β and percentages of CD40(+) and CD44(+) cells than the EDE and 0.5% CMC groups. Hypotonic 0.18% SH eyedrops are more effective in improving ocular surface irregularity and staining and decreasing inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and cells on the ocular surface compared with isotonic 0.5% CMC or 0.1% SH eyedrops in the treatment of EDE.

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(−)-Scopolamine hydrobromide trihydrate, ≥98% (HPLC), powder
C17H21NO4 · HBr · 3H2O
Scopolamine hydrobromide, meets USP testing specifications
C17H21NO4 · HBr · 3H2O