Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Determination of nitroimidazole residues in aquaculture tissue using ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry.

PMID 24793083


An UHPLC-MS/MS method was developed for the quantitative confirmatory analysis of residues of nitroimidazole drugs (dimetridazole, ipronidazole, metronidazole, ornidazole and ronidazole) and their corresponding hydroxy metabolites (HMMNI, ipronidazile-OH and metronidazole-OH) in aquaculture tissue. Samples were extracted by shaking in acetonitrile, water, MgSO4 and NaCl before being defatted with n-hexane pre-saturated with acetonitrile and concentrated under nitrogen. Nitroimidazole residues were determined by UHPLC-MS/MS operating in positive electrospray ionisation mode using a reversed phase BEH C18 column. The method was validated according to the EU Commission Decision 2002/657/EC guidelines. The following performance studies were carried out: specificity, selectivity, linearity, within laboratory repeatability (WLr)/reproducibility (WLR), accuracy, precision, decision limit (CCα), detection capability (CCβ), absolute recovery and stability. The analytical range of the method is 0.1-20 μg kg(-1). Accuracy and precision of the method, under within-laboratory reproducibility conditions, ranged from 83 to 105% and 2.3 to 14.0%, respectively. CCα were 0.07-1.0 μg kg(-1) depending on analyte and matrix. A total of 50 samples can be analysed in a single day using the assay. The method has been extensively evaluated through application to real test samples.