Psychiatry research

Elevated serum levels of FGF-2, NGF and IGF-1 in patients with manic episode of bipolar disorder.

PMID 24793757


Multiple neurotrophic and/or growth factors, recently nominated as "angioneurins", play the key roles in mood modulation and neuroplasticity, and their dysfunction might be involved in the pathophysiology and treatment of mood disorders. We examined serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, nerve growth factor (NGF) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 in 70 drug-naïve or drug-free patients with manic episode of bipolar disorder and 50 healthy controls, using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The results showed that mean serum levels of VEGF, FGF-2, NGF and IGF-1 were 168.13±225.61pg/ml, 279.09±378.62pg/ml, 61.38±171.67pg/ml and 162.01±72.00ng/ml in patients, and 140.80±143.71pg/ml, 275.46±235.29pg/ml, 36.34±15.14pg/ml and 138.90±80.11ng/ml in healthy controls, respectively. Serum levels of FGF-2, NGF and IGF-1 in patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls, though there was no statistical difference in serum VEGF level between two groups. Moreover, serum NGF level in patients was significantly correlated with duration of disorder and times of previous manic episodes. We conclude that the increase of serum FGF-2, NGF and IGF-1 levels in manic state of bipolar disorder may be associated with their compensatory roles of neuroprotection and angiogenesis, and these angioneurins may be involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder.