Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Determination of early urinary renal injury markers in obese children.

PMID 24801174


Obesity is an important health issue, the prevalence of which is increasing in childhood. The aim of this study was to examine urinary renal injury markers in order to determine the renal effect of obesity and its comorbidities in a pediatric population. Eighty-four obese children and 64 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. We checked their urine using N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and microalbumin as renal injury markers. Associations of renal damage markers with hypertension, an impaired glucose tolerance test, and insulin resistance were assessed. Obese individuals had higher urinary NAG and KIM-1 values compared to those of healthy controls (p = 0.027, p = 0.026). There was no difference in urinary NGAL between obese and lean subjects (p = 0.885). Urinary renal injury markers were not statistically different in the obese group when checked for impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and hypertension (p > 0.05). This study shows that urinary NAG and KIM-1 could be used as a screening method for detection of early renal damage in obese children.