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Neuroscience letters

MiR-134 blockade prevents status epilepticus like-activity and is neuroprotective in cultured hippocampal neurons.


PMID 24810882

Abstract

Status epilepticus (SE) is a life-threatening neurological disorder associated with significant morbidity and mortality. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that act post-transcriptionally modulating messenger RNA (mRNA) translation or stability which may have important roles in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. It has been reported that silencing microRNA-134 in vivo has significant neuroprotective and prolonged seizure-suppressive effects. However, the mechanism by which miR-134 inhibition suppressed seizures and whether miR-134 inhibition works in an in vitro model of SE, is unknown. Compared to a complex in vivo system, in vitro models of SE-like electrographic activity can be powerful tools to study this miRNA. Using a cell culture model of low Mg(2+) treatment of rat hippocampal neurons, we found SE-like electrographic activity increased expression of miR-134. Inhibiting expression of miR-134 using an inhibitor lentivirus with two miR-134 binding sites reduced SE-like electrographic activity in the hippocampal neurons and reduced neuronal death. This study provides direct evidence that inhibition of miR-134 can block status epilepticus-like discharges and is neuroprotective in hippocampal neuronal cultures and implies that inhibiting miR-134 may be a potential candidate for the clinical treatment of SE.