Biochimica et biophysica acta

Apolipoprotein A-I induces tubulin phosphorylation in association with cholesterol release in fetal rat astrocytes.

PMID 24814947


We previously identified cytosolic lipid-protein particles (CLPP) having size and density of HDL in rat astrocytes, to which apoA-I induces translocation of cholesterol, caveolin-1 and protein kinase Cα (PKCα) following its association with microtubules prior to cholesterol release/biogenesis of HDL (JBC 277: 7929, 2002; JLR 45: 2269, 2004). To further understand the physiological relevance of these findings, we investigated the CLPP/microtubule association and its role in intracellular cholesterol trafficking by using a technique of reconstituted microtubule-like filaments (rMT) in rat astrocyte cytosol. When the cells were pretreated with apoA-I, α-tubulin as a 52-kDa protein in rMT was found phosphorylated while α-tubulin in a soluble monomeric form was little phosphorylated. The phosphorylation took place coincidentally to apoA-I-induced association with rMT of CLPP, a complex containing PKCα, and was suppressed by a PKC inhibitor, Bis indolylmaleimide 1 (BIM). α-Tubulin dissociated from CLPP when phosphorylated, and it poorly bound to CLPP once dissociated. BIM did not influence association of PKCα with rMT but suppressed apoA-I-induced cholesterol translocation to the cytosol from the ER/Golgi apparatus and apoA-I-mediated cholesterol release. We thereby concluded that α-tubulin phosphorylation by PKCα on CLPP is involved in reversible CLPP association with the microtubules and intracellular cholesterol trafficking for apoA-I-dependent HDL biogenesis/cholesterol release in rat astrocytes.