European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V

Impact of lipid dynamic behavior on physical stability, in vitro release and skin permeation of genistein-loaded lipid nanoparticles.

PMID 24816130


The aim of this study was to develop lipid nanoparticles to deliver genistein (GEN) to deeper skin layers. To do so, the impact of lipid dynamic behavior (nanoparticle flexibility) on stability, release and skin permeation studies was verified. GEN-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) were obtained and characterization was undertaken. Freshly prepared nanoparticles were produced with similar features (i.e., drug loading). However, a higher level of crystallization in GEN-SLN formulation was observed in differential scanning calorimetry experiments. Electron paramagnetic resonance measurements showed a lower mobility of the spin labels in the SLN, which would indicate that NLC could be more flexible than SLN. Despite the fact that NLC demonstrated more fluidity, GEN was released more slowly from NLC than from SLN. Skin permeation studies demonstrated that lipid nanoparticles increased GEN skin retention. More flexible particles (NLC) also favored drug penetration into deeper skin layers. GEN-NLC would seem to be a promising formulation for GEN topical delivery.