The Journal of surgical research

Evidence against a systemic arterial defect in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

PMID 24819742


Despite increasing interest in local microvascular alterations associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the potential contribution of a primary systemic vascular defect in the etiology of IBD is unknown. We compared reactivity of large diameter mesenteric arteries from segments affected by Crohn disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) to an uninvolved vascular bed in both IBD and control patients. Mesenteric and omental arteries were obtained from UC, CD, and non-IBD patients. Isometric arterial contractions were recorded in response to extracellular potassium (K(+)) and cumulative additions of norepinephrine (NE). In addition, relaxation in response to pinacidil, an activator of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K(+) channels was examined. Contraction to K(+) and sensitivity to NE were not significantly different in arteries from CD, UC, and controls. Relaxation to pinacidil was also similar between groups. Potassium-induced contractions and sensitivity to NE and pinacidil were not significantly different in large diameter mesenteric and omental arteries obtained from IBD patients. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the sensitivity to K(+), NE, and pinacidil between mesenteric and omental arteries of CD and UC patients and those from non-IBD patients. Our results suggest an underlying vascular defect systemic to CD or UC patients is unlikely to contribute to the etiology of IBD.

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Pinacidil monohydrate, powder
C13H19N5 · H2O