Interaction of two complementary fragments of the bovine spinal cord myelin basic protein with phospholipid bilayers. An ESR spin-label study.

PMID 2482076


The myelin basic protein (MBP) from bovine spinal cord was cleaved at the single tryptophan residue to produce an N-terminal fragment (F1) of molecular weight 12.6K and a C-terminal fragment (F2) of molecular weight 5.8K. The interactions of the two fragments with bilayers of the acidic lipid dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) were compared with those of the intact protein, by using both chemical binding assays and spin-label electron spin resonance spectroscopy. The saturation binding stoichiometries of the two fragments were found to sum to that of the MBP, having values of 11, 24, and 36 mol of DMPG/mol of protein for F2, F1, and the MBP, respectively. The strength of binding was found to increase in the order F2 less than F1 less than MBP, which follows that of the net charges on the different fragments. The ionic strength dependence of the protein binding indicated that the interaction is primarily of electrostatic origin. The efficiency of displacement of the proteins by salt was in the order F2 greater than F1 greater than MBP, which correlates with both the strength of binding and the net charge on the different protein fragments. Nitroxide derivatives of phosphatidylglycerol (PG) labeled on the sn-2 chain were used to probe the protein-induced changes in the acyl chain dynamics. Both the fragments and the MBP decreased the lipid chain mobility as recorded by the C-5 atom and C-12 atom position nitroxide-PG spin-labels, in a manner which followed the protein binding curves.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)