Leukemia & lymphoma

MicroRNA-26a-5p and microRNA-23b-3p up-regulate peroxiredoxin III in acute myeloid leukemia.

PMID 24828865


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that regulate target gene expression. Using microarray-based miRNA expression profiling, we compared the miRNA expression in granulocytes from four patients with acute myeloid leukemia and four healthy controls. Thirty-four miRNAs were found to be differentially expressed, including 20 miRNAs that were up-regulated and 14 miRNAs that were down-regulated. The expression of selected miRNAs (miR-26a-5p and miR-23b-3p) was independently validated in 20 patients and 12 healthy controls. Notably, we demonstrated that peroxiredoxin III (PrxIII) is a common direct target of both miR-26a-5p and miR-23b-3p. Furthermore, these results indicate that the two decreased miRNAs could scavenge cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by targeting the PrxIII gene. These findings are discussed with regard to the known function of PrxIII as a ROS scavenger and the high endogenous ROS levels required for hematopoietic stem cell differentiation. These findings may potentially offer insights into the pathological relationships between miR-26a-5p, miR-23b-3p and leukemogenesis.