Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Antibody-modified lipid nanoparticles for selective delivery of siRNA to tumors expressing membrane-anchored form of HB-EGF.

PMID 24853808


An Fab' antibody against heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) was applied to achieve advanced tumor-targeted delivery of siRNA. Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) encapsulating siRNA (LNP-siRNA) were prepared, pegylated, and surface modified with Fab' fragments of anti-HB-EGF antibody (αHB-EGF LNP-siRNA). αHB-EGF LNP-siRNA showed high-binding affinity to recombinant human HB-EGF in a Biacore assay. In addition, αHB-EGF LNP-siRNA selectively associated with cells expressing HB-EGF in vitro. Confocal microscopic images showed that siRNA formulated in αHB-EGF LNP-siRNA was efficiently internalized into MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells, on which HB-EGF is highly expressed. In addition, siRNA encapsulated in αHB-EGF LNP induced obvious suppression of both target mRNA and protein levels in MDA-MB-231 cells. These results indicate that αHB-EGF LNP have excellent potential to deliver siRNA to target cancer cells, resulting in effective gene silencing.