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Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

In vitro degradability, bioactivity and cell responses to mesoporous magnesium silicate for the induction of bone regeneration.


PMID 24905677

Abstract

Mesoporous magnesium silicate (m-MS) was synthesized, and the in vitro degradability, bioactivity and primary cell responses to m-MS were investigated. The results suggested that the m-MS with mesoporous channels of approximately 5nm possessed the high specific surface area of 451.0m(2)/g and a large specific pore volume of 0.41cm(3)/g compared with magnesium silicate (MS) without mesopores of 75m(2)/g and 0.21cm(3)/g, respectively. The m-MS was able to absorb a large number of water, with water absorption of 74% compared with 26% for MS. The m-MS was also degradable in a Tris-HCl solution, with a weight loss ratio of 40wt% after a 70-day immersion period. The m-MS exhibited good in vitro bioactivity, inducing apatite formation on its surfaces after soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF) at a faster rate than observed for MS. The m-MS surface clearly promoted the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells, and their normal cell morphology indicated excellent cytocompatibility. This study suggested that mesoporous magnesium silicate with a high specific surface area and pore volume had suitable degradability and good bioactivity and biocompatibility, making it an excellent candidate biomaterial for the induction of bone regeneration.