International journal of pharmaceutics

A co-delivery system based on paclitaxel grafted mPEG-b-PLG loaded with doxorubicin: preparation, in vitro and in vivo evaluation.

PMID 24905776


Herein, we develop a co-delivery system of paclitaxel (PTX) and doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX·HCl) based on methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-glutamic acid) (mPEG-b-PLG) for cancer treatment. PTX was grafted to the mPEG-b-PLG by esterification to give mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX. DOX·HCl was encapsulated via electrostatic interaction and hydrophobic stack between the DOX·HCl and mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX in aqueous solution. The release rate of DOX·HCl from the drug-loaded nanoparticles (mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX-DOX) was slow at blood pH (pH 7.4), but obviously increased at endosome pH (pH 5.4). The mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX-DOX exhibited slight synergistic effect in inhibition of proliferation of A549 and MCF-7 human cancer cells. For in vivo treatment of xenograft human breast tumor (MCF-7), the mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX-DOX nanoparticles exhibited remarkable tumor inhibition effect with a 95.5% tumor-suppression-rate which was significantly higher than those of related single anticancer agents such as free DOX·HCl and mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX. These results indicated that the mPEG-b-PLG-g-PTX-DOX would have great potential in cancer therapy.