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Drug development and industrial pharmacy

Corroboration of naringin effects on the intestinal absorption and pharmacokinetic behavior of candesartan cilexetil solid dispersions using in-situ rat models.


PMID 24918161

Abstract

The aim of this study was to corroborate the effects of naringin, a P-glycoprotein inhibitor, on the intestinal absorption and pharmacokinetics of candesartan (CDS) from candesartan cilexetil (CAN) solid dispersions using in-situ rat models. Intestinal transport and absorption studies were examined by in-situ single pass perfusion and closed-loop models. We evaluated the intestinal membrane damage in the presence of naringin by measuring the release of protein and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). We noticed 1.47-fold increase in Peff of CDS from freeze-dried CAN-loaded solid dispersions with naringin (15 mg/kg, w/w) when compared with freeze-dried solid dispersion without naringin using in-situ single pass intestinal perfusion model. However, no intestinal membrane damage was observed in the presence of naringin. Our findings from in-situ closed-loop pharmacokinetic studies showed 1.34-fold increase in AUC with elevated Cmax and shortened tmax for freeze-dried solid dispersion with naringin as compared to freeze-dried solid dispersion without naringin. This study demonstrated that increased solubilization (favored by freeze-dried solid dispersion) and efflux pump inhibition (using naringin), the relative bioavailability of CDS can be increased, suggesting an alternative potential for improving oral bioavailability of CAN.

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