Anticancer research

SOD3 acts as a tumor suppressor in PC-3 prostate cancer cells via hydrogen peroxide accumulation.

PMID 24922645


The functions of superoxide dismutase-3 (SOD3), which acts on the cell surface and protects cells from oxidative stress, remain uncertain in the progression of prostate cancer. To verify SOD3 expression in human prostate tissue, immunohistochemistry was performed using tissue microarrays. To investigate the effects of SOD3 on proliferation, migration, and invasion, SOD3 was overexpressed and recombinant SOD3 was employed in PC-3 prostate cancer cells. H2O2 levels, reduced glutathione (GSH)/oxidized glutathione (GSSG) ratio, catalase activity, and 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were estimated in SOD3-overexpressing PC-3 cells. Immunohistochemistry revealed reduced expression of SOD3 in prostate cancer tissue. SOD3 overexpression in PC-3 cells inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Recombinant SOD3 had the same effect. H2O2 accumulation was increased by SOD3 overexpression, GSH/GSSG ratio was decreased, and catalase activity was decreased. DNA damage in SOD3-overexpressing cells was confirmed by 8-OHdG elevation. Since SOD3 acts as a tumor suppressor, SOD3 overexpression and recombinant SOD3 might lead to treatment for prostate cancer.