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Experimental lung research

Regulation of silicosis formation by lysophosphatidic acid and its receptors.


PMID 24926730

Abstract

Silicosis is a serious occupational disease characterized by lung fibrosis that is caused by long-term inhalation of silica-containing fine particles. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and LPA1/3 plays a role in lung fibrosis. Until recently, there has been little research investigating the role of LPA and LPA receptors (LPAR) in silica-induced development of pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we evaluated the hypothesis that LPA and LPA1/3 may play a role in silicosis pathogenesis using rat silicosis models induced by intratracheal instillation of silica, and randomly divided into control, silica, and VPC-12249 groups. LPA serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) levels were quantified by ELISA. α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), type I and III collagen protein expression was quantified by western blotting (WB), and type I and III collagen mRNAs detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Lung hydroxyproline (HYP) levels were detected using alkaline hydrolysis, with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and picrosirius red staining used for pathological examination. In vitro experiments showed that LPA stimulated fibroblasts proliferated in a time and dose-dependent manner and promoted expression of α-SMA, and type I and III collagen. Moreover, LPA serum and BALF levels increased in silica-instilled rats. In vivo and in vitro experiments revealed that α-SMA expression and collagen deposition reduced significantly after VPC-12249 treatment, and histopathological results show VPC-12249 alleviates silicosis progression. In conclusion, our findings suggest that LPA promotes the proliferation, transformation, and collagen synthesis of fibroblasts, and that LPA-LPA1/3 are involved in the development of silicosis and may serve as novel therapeutic targets for treatment.