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Pharmaceutical research

Polymeric Plerixafor: effect of PEGylation on CXCR4 antagonism, cancer cell invasion, and DNA transfection.


PMID 24942536

Abstract

To determine the effect of PEG modification on pharmacologic and gene delivery properties of polymeric CXCR4 antagonist based on Plerixafor. Polymeric Plerixafor (PAMD) was synthesized from Plerixafor (AMD3100) and grafted with different amounts of PEG (2 kDa). CXCR4 antagonism of the synthesized polymers was determined using receptor redistribution assay. Inhibition of cancer cell invasion by the polyplexes of the synthesized polymers was assessed using Boyden-chamber method. Transfection activity of DNA polyplexes formed with the synthesized polymers was evaluated in U2OS osteosarcoma and B16F10 melanoma cells. Our results demonstrate that modification of PAMD with PEG decreased toxicity of the polymers, while preserving their CXCR4 antagonism. Polyplexes prepared with PEG-PAMD inhibited invasion of cancer cells to an extent similar to the commercial CXCR4 antagonist Plerixafor. Negative effect of PEG on transfection activity of PEG-PAMD polyplexes could be overcome by using polyplexes formulated with a mixture of PAMD and PEG-PAMD. Modification of PAMD with PEG is a viable strategy to preserve the desirable CXCR4 antagonism and ability to inhibit cancer cell invasion of PAMD, while improving safety and colloidal stability of the PAMD polyplexes.

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