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FEBS letters

MicroRNA-141 promotes the proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer cells by regulating expression of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2.


PMID 24945731

Abstract

The dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is crucially implicated in the development of various cancers. In this study, we explored the biological role of miR-141 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). miR-141 expression was significantly up-regulated in NSCLC tissues, and its overexpression accelerated NSCLC cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. We subsequently identified the antagonists of PI3K/AKT signaling, PH domain leucine-rich-repeats protein phosphatase 1 (PHLPP1) and PHLPP2, as direct targets of miR-141. Re-introduction of PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 abrogated miR-141-induced proliferation of NSCLC cells. Together, the results of this study suggest that miR-141 and its targets PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 play critical roles in NSCLC tumorigenesis, and provide potential therapeutic targets for NSCLC treatment.