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Pharmacogenetics and genomics

The influence of the CYP2C19*10 allele on clopidogrel activation and CYP2C19*2 genotyping.


PMID 24945780

Abstract

The polymorphic hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 catalyzes the metabolism of clinically important drugs such as clopidogrel, proton-pump inhibitors, and others and clinical pharmacogenetic testing for clopidogrel is increasingly common. The CYP2C19*10 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is located 1 bp upstream the CYP2C19*2 SNP. Despite the low frequency of the CYP2C19*10 allele, its impact on metabolism of CYP2C19 substrates and CYP2C19*2 genotyping makes it an important SNP to consider for pharmacogenetic testing of CYP2C19. However, the effect of the CYP2C19*10 allele on clopidogrel metabolism has not been explored to date. We measured the enzymatic activity of the CYP2C19.10 protein against clopidogrel. DNA samples from two clinical studies were genotyped for CYP2C19*2 and *10 by pyrosequencing genotyping method. The catalytic activity of CYP2C19.10 in the biotransformation of clopidogrel and 2-oxo-clopidogrel was significantly decreased relative to the wild-type CYP2C19.1B. We also reported that the CYP2C19*10 SNP interferes with the CYP2C19*2 TaqMan genotyping assay, resulting in miscalling of CYP2C19*10/*2 as CYP2C19*2/*2. Our data provide evidence that CYP2C19.10 variant partially metabolizes clopidogrel and 2-oxo-clopidogrel, and the presence of CYP2C19*10 allele affects the CY2C19*2 TaqMan genotyping assay and results in misclassification of CYP2C19*10/*2 as CYP2C19*2/*2.

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