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In vitro and in silico studies to explore structural features of flavonoids for aldehyde oxidase inhibition.


PMID 24956178

Abstract

Aldehyde oxidase (AO), an important enzyme in the biotransformation of drugs and xenobiotics, is inhibited by flavonoids. This enzyme can metabolize both aldehydes and N-heterocycles. In this work, a set of 15 flavonoids was assessed for inhibitory activity on the AO oxidation of vanillin as an aldehyde substrate. Spectrophotometrically determined IC50 values showed that myricetin, quercetin, and epicatechin were the most potent inhibitors. The results also revealed that the inhibition of vanillin oxidation by flavonoids was stronger than that of phenanthridine oxidation (an N-heterocyclic substrate) as reported previously. In order to investigate the important structural features responsible for the inhibitory effects of the studied flavonoids, a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis was performed. This study showed that the size of the flavonoids was the most important factor inversely affecting their potencies. The QSAR model can be used more broadly to predict the AO inhibitory activity of flavonoid-like structures for application in food-drug and drug-drug interaction studies.

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