Experimental and molecular pathology

CCL20/CCR6 promotes the invasion and migration of thyroid cancer cells via NF-kappa B signaling-induced MMP-3 production.

PMID 24984269


CCL20, an important member of the CC-chemokine family, is the only ligand that activates CCR6. The levels of CCL20 and CCR6 are elevated in many human cancers, and CCL20/CCR6 interaction participates in the development and progression of cancer. In this present study, we found that CCR6 was overexpressed in thyroid cancer cells. Activation of CCR6 by CCL20 promoted the invasion and migration of human thyroid cancer SW1736 cells, while knockdown of CCR6 repressed the effect of CCL20. Furthermore, CCL20/CCR6 interaction induced the activation of NF-κB, and stimulated the expression and secretion of MMP-3. In addition, BAY117082, a special inhibitor of NF-κB, suppressed the expression and secretion of MMP-3 stimulated by CCL20/CCR6. Together, these results suggest that CCL20/CCR6 enhances thyroid cancer cell invasion and migration. The possible molecular mechanisms involved NF-κB activation and NF-κB-dependent MMP-3 upregulation. Thus, molecular therapies that aim at CCL20 and CCR6 may offer promising intervention strategies for thyroid cancer.