Journal of chromatography. A

Fluorescence derivatization method for sensitive chromatographic determination of zidovudine based on the Huisgen reaction.

PMID 25001338


A novel pre-column fluorescence derivatization method for chromatographic analysis of azide compounds was developed based on the Huisgen reaction, which is a specific cycloaddition reaction between an alkyne and an azide. We designed and synthesized a fluorescent alkyne, 2-(4-ethynylphenyl)-4,5-diphenyl-1H-imidazole (DIB-ET) as a reagent. DIB-ET has a lophine skeleton carrying an alkyne acting as fluorophore and reactive center, respectively. In order to evaluate the practicality of DIB-ET, a high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection method was developed for the determination of zidovudine as a model of azide compound. Zidovudine could be reacted with DIB-ET in the presence of copper(II) sulfate and L-ascorbic acid as catalysts, and the formed derivative was detected fluorometrically. The proposed method allows sensitive and selective determination of zidovudine in plasma samples with the detection limit of 0.28ngmL(-1) at a S/N=3. Finally, the proposed method could be applied to determine the zidovudine concentration in rat plasma after administration of zidovudine without interference from biological components.