Renal failure

The effect of connective tissue growth factor on renal fibrosis and podocyte injury in hypertensive rats.

PMID 25003484


The aim of this study was to evaluate the roles of podocalyxin (PCX) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive control Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were divided into groups referred to as SHR 12W, SHR 24W, WKY 12W and WKY 24W. Systolic blood pressure and 24-hour total uric protein were measured every two weeks in the respective groups. CTGF, PCX, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen-III were evaluated via immunohistochemical staining. In addition, CTGF, PCX, and α-SMA gene expression levels were determined by analyzing mRNA levels. More kidney lesions occurred alongside foot processes effacement in SHR 24W rats than in SHR 12W rats. In SHR 12W rats, blood pressure and 24-hour total uric protein level were elevated and continued to increase thereafter. In the SHR 12W and SHR 24W groups, the expression of CTGF, α-SMA and collagen-III was significantly increased. Immunohistochemical staining showed that PCX expression was significantly reduced in the SHR group and CTGF expression was increased. A significant decrease in PCX mRNA and an increase in CTGF mRNA were observed in SHR 24W rats relative to SHR 12W rats. Both the overexpression of CTGF and the loss of podocalyxin reflect renal damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats. CTGF and PCX may be involved in the mechanisms of podocyte injury and apoptosis induced by hypertension.