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Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia

Interaction of selected platinum(II) complexes containing roscovitine-based CDK inhibitors as ligands with human liver microsomal cytochrome P450.


PMID 25004912

Abstract

We studied the interaction of oxaliplatin derivatives involving cytotoxic adenine-based cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, with human liver microsomal cytochrome P450. The activities of 9 human liver microsomal CYP forms (CYPs 1A2, 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation; 2A6, coumarin 7-hydroxylation; 2B6, 7-ethoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl) coumarin O-deethylation; 2C8, luciferin-6´ methyl ether demethylation; 2C9, diclofenac 4´-hydroxylation, 6´-deoxyluciferin hydroxylation; 2C19, (S)-mephenytoin 4´-hydroxylation; 2D6, bufuralol 1´-hydroxylation, 2E1, chlorzoxazone 6-hydroxylation; 3A4, testosterone 6β-hydroxylation, luciferin-6´ benzyl ether debenzylation) were tested using HPLC, fluorescence and luminescence product detection. At 100 µM platinum(II) oxalato complex concentration, CYP inhibition was in general 25%-50%, except for the CYP3A4 form which showed roughly twice the inhibition (72%-95%). At low complex concentration (10 µM), the difference in inhibition of CYP3A4 and other forms was even more pronounced. Dixon and Lineweaver-Burk plots indicated a partially noncompetitive mechanism of CYP3A4 inhibition. The tested complexes significantly inhibit human liver microsomal CYP3A4 activity even at clinically relevant concentrations. This could be a serious drawback for the use of these compounds in clinical practice.