The Journal of investigative dermatology

Proinsulin C-peptide prevents impaired wound healing by activating angiogenesis in diabetes.

PMID 25007043


Diabetes mellitus disrupts wound repair and leads to the development of chronic wounds, likely due to impaired angiogenesis. We previously demonstrated that human proinsulin C-peptide can protect against vasculopathy in diabetes; however, its role in impaired wound healing in diabetes has not been studied. We investigated the potential roles of C-peptide in protecting against impaired wound healing by inducing angiogenesis using streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Diabetes delayed wound healing in mouse skin, and C-peptide supplement using osmotic pumps significantly increased the rate of skin wound closure in diabetic mice. Furthermore, C-peptide induced endothelial cell migration and tube formation in dose-dependent manners, with maximal effect at 0.5 nM. These effects were mediated through activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and Akt, as well as nitric oxide formation. C-peptide-enhanced angiogenesis in vivo was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and Matrigel plug assays. Our findings highlight an angiogenic role of C-peptide and its ability to protect against impaired wound healing, which may have significant implications in reparative and therapeutic angiogenesis in diabetes. Thus, C-peptide replacement is a promising therapy for impaired angiogenesis and delayed wound healing in diabetes.

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DAF-FM DA, ≥98% (HPLC)