Digestive diseases and sciences

Mosapride citrate increases postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1, insulin, and gene expression of sweet taste receptors.

PMID 25008428


Mosapride citrate-a prokinetic agent-improves hemoglobin A1c levels in diabetic patients; however, the underlying mechanism is unclear. We aimed to clarify this mechanism. Preprandial and postprandial (90 min after a meal) blood was obtained from 12 healthy men, and serum insulin and plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 concentrations were measured. Measurements were also taken after the administration of 5 mg of mosapride citrate three times per day after every meal for 14 days. In addition, C57BL/6 mice were permitted free access to water containing 0.04 % domperidone (D group) or 0.02 % mosapride citrate (M group) for 2 weeks (four mice per group). T1r2 (taste receptor, type 1, member 2), T1r3, and Gnat3 (guanine nucleotide-binding protein, alpha transducing 3) mRNA expression levels of the stomach, duodenum, and proximal and mid-jejunum were evaluated. In human subjects, postprandial plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 and serum insulin concentrations after administration of mosapride citrate were significantly higher than those pre-administration (4.8 ± 2.2 pmol/L, 45.6 ± 41.6 μIU/mL, and 3.7 ± 1.2 pmol/L, 34.1 ± 28.4 μIU/mL, respectively). The mouse expression levels of T1r2 and Gnat3 in the proximal jejunum and mid-jejunum in the M group (4.1 ± 1.8-fold, 3.1 ± 1.6-fold, and 4.6 ± 0.8-fold, 3.1 ± 0.9-fold increases, respectively), were significantly higher than those of the control group. The administration of mosapride citrate for 2 weeks enhanced postprandial plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 and serum insulin concentration and increased the expression of sweet taste receptors in the upper intestine.

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