Journal of virology

Detailed study of the interaction between human herpesvirus 6B glycoprotein complex and its cellular receptor, human CD134.

PMID 25008928


Recently, we identified a novel receptor, CD134, which interacts with the human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) glycoprotein (g)H/gL/gQ1/gQ2 complex and plays a key role in the entry of HHV-6B into target cells. However, details of the interaction between the HHV-6B gH/gL/gQ1/gQ2 complex and CD134 were unknown. In this study, we identified a cysteine-rich domain (CRD), CDR2, of CD134 that is critical for binding to the HHV-6B glycoprotein complex and HHV-6B infection. Furthermore, we found that the expression of HHV-6B gQ1 and gQ2 subunits was sufficient for CD134 binding, which is different from the binding of human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) to its receptor, CD46. Finally, we identified a region in gQ1 critical for HHV-6B gQ1 function. These results contribute much to our understanding of the interaction between this ligand and receptor. We identified the domain in HHV-6B entry receptor CD134 and the components in the HHV-6B gH/gL/gQ1/gQ2 complex required for ligand-receptor binding during HHV-6B infection. Furthermore, we identified domains in gQ1 proteins of HHV-6A and -6B and a key amino acid residue in HHV-6B gQ1 required for its function. These data should be the basis for further investigation of ligand-receptor interaction in the study of HHV-6A and -6B.