Oncology letters

Cluster of differentiation 45 activation is crucial in interleukin-10-dependent tumor-associated dendritic cell differentiation.

PMID 25013476


Tumor-associated dendritic cells (TADCs) are important in tumor immune surveillance, and it has been reported that the secretion of interleukin (IL)-10 by cancer cells is a major factor involved in the induction of TADCs in the tumor microenvironment. In the present study, IL-10 was found to activate cluster of differentiation (CD)45 protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase), inducing a TADC-like phenomenon. The PTPase inhibitor, phenylarsine oxide, and a CD45 inhibitor reversed the IL-10-induced impaired differentiation of the DCs, and also reversed the induction of the TADCs by A549, MDA-MB-231 and SW480 conditioned media, which thus represents a novel therapy to reduce immune surveillance in the tumor microenvironment. The present study is the first to identify that CD45 is involved in IL-10-activated signaling in myeloid lineage cells.