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Biochimie

Intracellular predominance of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form of aspartate aminotransferase in Escherichia coli B and reversible transformation of this form by extracellular substances.


PMID 2503048

Abstract

The intracellular proportion of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form of aspartate aminotransferase to the total enzyme in E. coli B cells was determined by a newly devised method, dependent on selective inactivation of the intracellular pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form of the enzyme by extracellularly added sodium borohydride. A large portion (80-99%) of the intracellular aspartate aminotransferase was in pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form in both natural and synthetic medium-grown bacterial cells. The intracellular predominancy of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate did not vary during the growth of bacteria and during incubation of bacterial cells in various kinds of buffers with different pH values. In contrast, the saturation levels generally used to describe in vivo the proportions of the apo and holo vitamin B6-dependent enzymes did not reflect the intracellular amount of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (holo) form of aspartate aminotransferase probably because the intracellular pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form was changed to an apo form by the disruption of bacterial cells for preparing crude extract. Various extracellularly-added vitamin B6 antagonists decreased the intracellular amount of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate without decrease in the total intracellular activity of the enzyme. The modified forms were stable in E. coli B cells and reversed into pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form by incubation of the antagonist-treated cells in the buffer containing pyridoxal. The present results showed that the sodium borohydride reduction method can be used for further analysis of the in vivo interaction of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate and apoaspartate aminotransferase. The fact that about 50% of the intracellular pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form was changed to a modified form without impairment of cell growth in the presence of 4-deoxypyridoxine, and that about 50% of intracellular modified aspartate aminotransferase was reversed to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate by the removal of antagonist followed by incubation suggested that there exists characteristically 2 different fractions of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate forms of aspartate aminotransferase in E. coli cells.

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