Journal of cardiology

Association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and the ratio of l-arginine to asymmetric dimethylarginine in patients undergoing coronary angiography.

PMID 25043133


Endothelial dysfunction causes vasomotor dysregulation and vascular stiffening in addition to structural changes. By influencing NO synthesis, deficiency of l-arginine relative to asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), which is an l-arginine derivative that acts as a competitive NO synthase inhibitor, may lead to the promotion of arterial stiffness. This study investigated the relationship between the l-arginine/ADMA ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an indicator of arterial stiffness. This cross-sectional study enrolled 74 patients (62 men, 12 women; mean age, 67±10 years) undergoing elective coronary angiography. A total of 54 (73%) patients had coronary artery disease. Serum l-arginine and ADMA were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. The ratio of l-arginine to ADMA and the serum l-arginine level was associated with baPWV in univariate regression analysis (l-arginine/ADMA ratio: β=-0.323, p=0.005; l-arginine: β=-0.247, p=0.034). In addition, baPWV was related to blood hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, brain natriuretic peptide level, symmetric dimethylarginine, renal function, blood pressure, and heart rate. In multivariate analysis, the l-arginine/ADMA ratio was a significant predictor of baPWV (β=-0.310, p<0.001). In subgroup analyses, the l-arginine/ADMA ratio was associated with baPWV in elderly patients (n=46, β=-0.359, p=0.004), and in younger patients (n=28, β=-0.412, p=0.006). A low l-arginine/ADMA ratio may be associated with high baPWV in patients undergoing coronary angiography.