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Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

Comparison of dermal tumor promotion activity of cigarette smoke condensate from prototype (heated) cigarette and reference (combusted) cigarette in SENCAR mice.


PMID 25047211

Abstract

Test cigarette (prototype "heated" cigarette) was evaluated on its dermal tumor promotion activity in SENCAR mice relative to conventional 3R4F cigarette. Mainstream cigarette smoke was generated under the modified Health Canada Intensive Regimen, and smoke condensate (CSCs) were collected using cold traps and extracted with acetone. Female mice received a topical application of 7,12-dimehtylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) as the tumor initiator on the back skin during Week 1. Subsequently, CSC was repeatedly applied as the tumor promoter at 5 doses, up to 30 mg tar/application, three times per week for 30 weeks. Test groups showed a clearly longer latency at lower doses (⩽15 mg), but the difference was less clear at higher doses (⩾22.5 mg), while mortalities were not affected throughout the study. Test groups also had consistently lower incidence and multiplicity of neoplasms, as well as lower incidences of non-neoplastic changes (e.g., inflammations and squamous epithelial hyperplasia on the site of application). The group without DMBA initiation did not induce any neoplasm but the respective Reference group showed an increase in tumorigenicity. In conclusion, the study demonstrated significant reduction in dermal irritancy and tumorigenicity of Test CSC compared to Reference CSC.