Oncology reports

Differential protein expression and novel biomarkers related to 5-FU resistance in a 3D colorectal adenocarcinoma model.

PMID 25050539


The multicellular spheroid (MCS) is an inxa0vitro model which is highly representative of the avascular region of solid tumors by reflecting microenvironmental conditions inxa0vivo. Hence, it is considered the most appropriate model for studying drug resistance. We compared chemosensitivity to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and differential protein expression between the 3D MCS model and the 2D monolayers using DLD-1 cells. We analyzed several significant signaling molecules through western blot analysis. Although various changes in the expression level were observed depending on the samples, we did not obtained remarkable findings. Notably, the level of p-mTOR decreased upon 5-FU exposure in the monolayers, while its level was higher in the MCSs. Nine novel proteins were identified by 2-DE and MALDI-TOF analysis for exhibiting differential expression between the MCS model and the monolayers. Among these, collapsin response mediator proteinxa02 (CRMP-2), DNA replication complex GINS protein PSF2 (PSF-2) and selenium-binding proteinxa01 (SBP-1) were notable not only for their differential expression but also for decreased expression following 5-FU exposure, indicating their possible roles as novel biomarkers for sensitivity (CRMP-2, PSF-2) as well as resistance (SBP-1) to 5-FU. Overall, the present study demonstrated greater 5-FU resistance in human colorectal cancer cells grown as MCSs compared to monolayers and identified p-mTOR, CRMP-2, PSF-2 and SBP-1 as novel potential biomarkers of 5-FU chemosensitivity/resistance for human colorectal cancer, findings which warrant further investigation.