Journal of chromatography. A

Dual labeling for simultaneous determination of nitric oxide, glutathione and cysteine in macrophage RAW264.7 cells by microchip electrophoresis with fluorescence detection.

PMID 25069745


A simple, rapid and efficient method based on microchip electrophoresis coupled with fluorescence detection (MCE-FLD) was developed for simultaneous determination of nitric oxide (NO), glutathione (GSH) and cysteine (Cys) using dual labeling strategy. Two highly reactive fluorogenic probes, 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-(3',4'-diaminophenyl)-difluoroboradiaza-s-indacene (DAMBO) and 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-phenyl-(2-maleimide)-difluoroboradiaza-s-indacene (TMPAB-o-M), were used for labeling NO and thiols, respectively, under physiological conditions. The rapid separation and sensitive detection of the derivatives were achieved on a glass microchip within 70s in a running buffer of 20mM H3Cit-Na2HPO4 solution (pH 7.4) containing 15% (v/v) acetonitrile at a separation voltage of 2400V. The limits of detection (S/N=3) for NO, GSH and Cys were 7.0, 3.0 and 2.0nM, respectively. The proposed method was validated by measuring intracellular levels of NO and biothiols in macrophage RAW264.7 cells.

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