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Oncology reports

Effect of nitric oxide synthase on multiple drug resistance is related to Wnt signaling in non-small cell lung cancer.


PMID 25070480

Abstract

Multiple drug resistance (MDR) is considered a major challenge in the clinical treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Both nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and Wnt signaling pathway participate in the regulation of drug resistance, but the interaction between them remains unclear. In the present study, we detected the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in iNOS-induced drug-resistant lung cancer cells, and compared the effect of canonical and noncanonical Wnt pathway on the level of iNOS. Moreover, we investigated the expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling downstream factors and its main inhibitors. The results indicated iNOS-induced drug resistance was possibly mediated by glutathione S-transferase-π (GST-π) and topoisomerase IIα (TOPO IIα), but not P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and this process was closely associated with the activation of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling, but less with noncanonical pathways. The mechanism of iNOS promoting Wnt/β-catenin pathway was mainly dependent on the inverse regulation of Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) and secreted frizzled-related protein-1 (SFRP-1). Clarifying the relationship between iNOS and Wnt signaling may provide insight into a better understanding of the mechanism of drug resistance development in NSCLC.