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Journal of thoracic disease

The SNPs (-1654C/T, -1641A/G and -1476A/T) of protein C promoter are associated with susceptibility to pulmonary thromboembolism in a Chinese population.


PMID 25093091

Abstract

Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a common and potentially lethal disease. It is significant to investigate the gene mutations of protein C for clarifying the etiology of PTE. In this present study, we investigated the promoter region polymorphism sites including -1654C/T, -1641A/G and -1476A/T of the protein C gene in a Chinese population. A total of 110 cases of PTE and one hundred and ninety healthy controls in a Chinese population were genotyped for three polymorphisms (-1654C/T, -1641A/G and -1476A/T) of the protein C promoter. The statistical analysis was performed by Stata 11.0. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (-1654C/T, -1641A/G and -1476A/T) in protein C gene were associated with the susceptibility to PTE in Chinese population. According to the binary logistic regression analysis, the independently significant risk factors for PTE were the complications of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or cancer, history of operation or injury, and the homozygous carriers of the TT genotype (protein C -1654C/T). The SNPs (-1654C/T, -1641A/G and -1476A/T) of protein C promoter gene are associated with the susceptibility to PTE in a Chinese population. Especially, the homozygous carriers of genotype TT (-1654C/T) increase the risk of PTE in a Chinese population. Confirmation of our preliminary observations in a larger scale study is needed.