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Biosensors & bioelectronics

Detection of unamplified genomic DNA by a PNA-based microstructured optical fiber (MOF) Bragg-grating optofluidic system.


PMID 25104434

Abstract

Microstructured optical fibers containing microchannels and Bragg grating inscribed were internally functionalized with a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe specific for a gene tract of the genetically modified Roundup Ready soy. These fibers were used as an optofluidic device for the detection of DNA by measuring the shift in the wavelength of the reflected IR light. Enhancement of optical read-out was obtained using streptavidin coated gold-nanoparticles interacting with the genomic DNA captured in the fiber channels (0%, 0.1%, 1% and 10% RR-Soy), enabling to achieve statistically significant, label-free, and amplification-free detection of target DNA in low concentrations, low percentages, and very low sample volumes. Computer simulations of the fiber optics based on the finite element method (FEM) were consistent with the formation of a layer of organic material with an average thickness of 39 nm for the highest percentage (10% RR soy) analysed.

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