Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Intranasally administered serelaxin abrogates airway remodelling and attenuates airway hyperresponsiveness in allergic airways disease.

PMID 25113628


The peptide hormone relaxin plays a key role in the systemic hemodynamic and renovascular adaptive changes that occur during pregnancy, which is linked to its antiremodelling effects. Serelaxin (a recombinant form of human gene-2 relaxin) has been shown to inhibit lung fibrosis in various disease models and reverse airway remodelling and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in allergic airways disease (AAD). Although continuous systemic delivery of exogenous serelaxin alleviates allergic fibrosis and AHR, more direct routes for administration into the lung have not been investigated. Thus, intranasal administration of serelaxin was evaluated for its ability to reverse airway remodelling and AHR associated with AAD. Female Balb/c mice were subjected to a 9-week model of chronic AAD. Subgroups of animals (nxa0=xa012/group) were then treated intranasally with serelaxin (0.8xa0mg/mL) or vehicle once daily for 14xa0days (from weeks 9-11). Saline-sensitized/challenged mice treated with intranasal saline served as additional controls. Differential bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cell counts, ovalbumin (OVA)-specific IgE levels, tissue inflammation, parameters of airway remodelling and AHR were then assessed. Chronic AAD was associated with significant increases in differential BAL cell counts, OVA-specific IgE levels, inflammation, epithelial thickening, goblet cell metaplasia, TGF-β1 expression, epithelial Smad2 phosphorylation (pSmad2), subepithelial collagen thickness, total lung collagen concentration and AHR (all Pxa0