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Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine

MicroRNA-320a suppresses in GBM patients and modulates glioma cell functions by targeting IGF-1R.


PMID 25117070

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and malignant glioma. Currently, a few modern surgical and medical therapeutic strategies are applied for GBM, but the prognosis of GBM patients remains poor, and the average median survival time is only 14.6xa0months. In this study, we for the first time found that the levels of miR-320a were decreased in both GBM patients and glioma cells. In GBM patients, elevated miR-320a expression was associated with better prognosis. In addition, insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) was identified as a key direct target of miR-320a. Overexpression of miR-320a led to the inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, invasion, as well as tumorigenesis by targeting IGF-1R, and thus regulated the signaling pathways downstream, including PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK. In tumor orthotopic xenograft experiment, the tumor growth was depressed and survival time of mice model was prolonged when miR-320a was overexpressed. Therefore, our results suggested that miR-320a could suppress tumor development and growth by targeting IGF-1R, and miR-320a might serve as a new effective target for anti-cancer therapy strategies.