Molecular immunology

An anti-apoptotic B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) from Channa striatus: Sequence analysis and delayed and advanced gene expression in response to fungal, bacterial and poly I:C induction.

PMID 25128157


B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) is a suppressor of apoptosis and inhibits the caspase dependent apoptosis pathway. In this study, we report molecular characterization of a cDNA sequence encoded of BCL-2 from striped murrel, Channa striatus. A partial cDNA sequence of CsBCL-2 was identified from the striped murrel cDNA library during annotation. Subsequently, the full length CsBCL-2 cDNA sequence was obtained by an internal sequencing method using a forward primer. The sequence contains 699 nucleotide base pairs which encode 232 amino acid residues. The domain and motif analysis revealed that the CsBCL-2 polypeptide consists of BCL-2 homologous domain BH4 at the N-terminal region between 4 and 21 and the BCL-2 homologous domains BH1, BH2 and BH3 between 87 and 187. The CsBCL-2 polypeptide sequence does not have a signal peptide region, but it consists of two novel transmembrane regions at 134-152 and 209-226. The sequence analysis showed that the CsBCL-2 has highest sequence identity (70%) with BCL-2 like protein 1 (BCL-2 L1) from pufferfish Takifugu rubripes. The phylogenetic analysis showed that the CsBCL-2 was situated in the BCL-2 L1 fish clade. The secondary analysis showed that the CsBCL-2 protein consists of 132 amino acid residues in the α-helical region and 100 amino acid residues in the random coil region. The validated 3D structure of CsBCL-2 showed the active residues Gly(135) and Arg(136) in the 7th α-helical position, whereas Trp(178) is in the 9th α-helical region. CsBCL-2 mRNA transcription is predominately present in spleen and is upregulated upon being induced with fungus Aphanomyces invadans, bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila, Escherichia coli LPS, Laminaria digitata beta-1,3-glucan and poly I:C. Overall, the CsBCL-2 mRNA transcription results indicate the potential involvement of CsBCL-2 in immune system of C. striatus. However, further research at proteomic level is necessary to examine these predictions.