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Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Glomerular nestin expression: possible predictor of outcome of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in children.


PMID 25129203

Abstract

A high prevalence of chronic kidney disease among children with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) leads to a permanent quest for good predictors of kidney dysfunction. Thus, we carried out a retrospective cohort study in order to examine known clinical and morphological predictors of adverse outcome, as well as to investigate glomerular nestin expression as a potential new early predictor of kidney dysfunction in children with FSGS. Relationships between nestin expression and clinical and morphological findings were also investigated. Among 649 renal biopsy samples, obtained from two children's hospitals, FSGS was diagnosed in 60 children. Thirty-eight patients, who met the criteria for this study, were followed up for 9.0 ± 5.2 years. Using Kaplan-Meier and Cox's regression analysis, potential clinical and morphological predictors were applied in two models of prediction: after disease onset and after the biopsy. The present study revealed the following significant predictors of kidney dysfunction: patients' ages at disease onset, as well as age at biopsy, resistance to corticosteroid treatment, serum creatinine level, urine protein/creatinine ratio, vascular involvement, tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and decreased glomerular nestin expression. The most important finding of our study is that nestin can be used as a potential new early morphological predictor of kidney dysfunction in childhood onset of FSGS, since nestin has been obviously decreased in both sclerotic and normal glomeruli seen by light microscopy.