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American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons

Hepatic syndecan-1 changes associate with dyslipidemia after renal transplantation.


PMID 25154787

Abstract

Syndecan-1 is a transmembrane heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan present on hepatocytes and involved in uptake of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins via its HS polysaccharide side chains. We hypothesized that altered hepatic syndecan-1 metabolism could be involved in dyslipidemia related to renal transplantation. In a rat renal transplantation model elevated plasma triglycerides were associated with fivefold increased expression of hepatic syndecan-1 mRNA (p < 0.01), but not protein. Expression of syndecan-1 sheddases (ADAM17, MMP9) and heparanase was significantly up-regulated after renal transplantation (all p < 0.05). Profiling of HS side chains revealed loss of hepatic HS upon renal transplantation accompanied by significant decreased functional capacity for VLDL binding (p = 0.02). In a human renal transplantation cohort (n = 510), plasma levels of shed syndecan-1 were measured. Multivariate analysis showed plasma syndecan-1 to be independently associated with triglycerides (p < 0.0001) and inversely with HDL cholesterol (p < 0.0001). Last, we show a physical association of syndecan-1 to HDL from renal transplant recipients (RTRs), but not to HDL from healthy controls. Our data suggest that after renal transplantation loss of hepatic HS together with increased syndecan-1 shedding hampers lipoprotein binding and uptake by the liver contributing to dyslipidemia. Our data open perspectives toward improvement of lipid profiles by targeted inhibition of syndecan-1 catabolism in renal transplantation.

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