Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII

Tuftsin-based, EGFR-targeting fusion protein and its enediyne-energized analog show high antitumor efficacy associated with CD47 down-regulation.

PMID 25164878


Tuftsin (TF) is an immunomodulator tetrapeptide (Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg) that binds to the receptor neuropilin-1 (Nrp1) on the surface of cells. Many reports have described anti-tumor activity of tuftsin to relate with nonspecific activation of the host immune system. Lidamycin (LDM) that displays extremely potent cytotoxicity to cancer cells is composed of an apoprotein (LDP) and an enediyne chromophore (AE). In addition, Ec is an EGFR-targeting oligopeptide. In the present study, LDP was used as protein scaffold and the specific carrier for the highly potent AE. Genetically engineered fusion proteins LDP-TF and Ec-LDP-TF were prepared; then, the enediyne-energized fusion protein Ec-LDM-TF was generated by integration of AE into Ec-LDP-TF. The tuftsin-based fusion proteins LDP-TF and Ec-LDP-TF significantly enhanced the phagocytotic activity of macrophages as compared with LDP (Pxa0