Orphanet journal of rare diseases

A modified liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for predominant disaccharide units of urinary glycosaminoglycans in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses.

PMID 25178307


The identification of acid mucopolysaccharide by the liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS) of the predominant disaccharide units of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) (chondroitin sulfate, CS; dermatan sulfate, DS; heparan sulfate, HS) after methanolysis is validated and applicable for mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type determination. A total of 76 urine samples were collected and analyzed, from nine MPS I patients, 13 MPS II patients, seven MPS III patients, eight MPS VI patients, and 39 normal controls. Urinary GAG was first precipitated by the Alcian blue method followed by a treatment of 3xa0N HCl methanol. The protonated species of the methylated disaccharide products were detected by using a multiple reaction monitoring experiment. Internal standards, [2H6] CS, [2H6] DS and [2H6] HS, were prepared in-house by deuteriomethanolysis of CS, DS and HS. One particular disaccharide for each GAG was selected, in which the parent ion and its daughter ion after collision were m/z 426.1 → 236.2 for DS (m/z 432 → 239 for dimers derived from [2H6] CS and [2H6] DS) and m/z 384.2 → 161.9 for HS (m/z 390.4 → 162.5 for the [2H6] HS dimer). The quantities of DS and HS were determined, which varied from one MPS type to the other. The results can be used to evaluate the severity of MPS subgroups, as well as urinary GAG amelioration at follow-up after enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). The modified LC-MS/MS method for MPS type determination is specific, sensitive, validated, accurate, and applicable for simultaneous quantifications of urinary DS and HS. This method can help to make correct diagnosis of MPS patients and evaluate the effectiveness of ERT.