PloS one

Interleukin-1β-31C/T and -511T/C polymorphisms were associated with preeclampsia in Chinese Han population.

PMID 25222025


The purpose of our study is to investigate the relationship between IL-1β -31C/T (rs1143627) and -511T/C (rs16944) polymorphisms and the preeclampsia (PE), and analyze the Linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype frequency of the two polymorphism loci. Polymorphisms at -31C/T and -511T/C of IL-1β were genotyped with the method of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR- RFLP) in 232 PE and 447 control subjects. Genotype and allele frequencies between case-control groups were compared by chi-square(X2) tests. Two-point LD and haplotype frequency analyses were done with the software Haploview4.2. Significant statistical differences were found between PE and control groups regarding genotype and allele frequencies of the two polymorphisms of IL-1β (For IL-1β -31C/T: X2 = 11.478, P = 0.003; For IL-1β-511T/C: X2 = 9.687, P = 0.008). LD analysis revealed that the IL-1β -31C/T SNP was in high LD with the IL-1β-511C/T SNP(D' = 0.92, r2 = 0.79). Both CT and TC haplotypes showed significant differences between case and control groups. Only the plasma level of Prothrombin Time had a significantly statistical difference among TT, CT and CC groups of the preeclamptic two polymorphisms of IL-1β-31C/T and -511T/C (for IL-1β-31C/T, F = 1.644, P = 0.01; F = 1.587, P = 0.016). Our results revealed IL-1β was associated with the PE in Chinese Han population. The CT haplotype may increase the risk of PE, while haplotype TC could be considered as a protective haplotype of PE.