Coronary artery disease

Relationship between serum endothelin-1 level and spontaneous reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

PMID 25230302


Spontaneous reperfusion (SR) was associated with better clinical outcomes and lower incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide and elevated systemic ET-1 levels predict a poor prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to investigate the relationship between systemic ET-1 plasma levels and SR in a group of STEMI patients treated with a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We measured ET-1 levels acutely (within the first 6 h) in 33 STEMI patients with SR and 45 STEMI patients with non-SR presenting with their first STEMI who underwent primary PCI. Blood samples for ET-1 plasma level measurement were drawn after vascular puncture before angiography in the catheterization laboratory from the peripheral vein.The mean age of the patients was 56.1±13.3 years in the SR group and 57.4±11.4 years in the non-SR group. The circulating level of ET-1 was considerably higher in the non-SR patients than in the SR patients (0.81±0.2, 1.0±0.3, P=0.004). On multivariable logistic regression analysis, the ET-1 level was the only significant predictor of SR (P=0.01).The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the ET-1 level at admission is an indicator of SR, with an area under the curve of 0.62. This study shows that in patients admitted with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction, ET-1 plasma levels are related to angiographic SR before primary PCI.