EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Coronary artery disease

Relationship between serum endothelin-1 level and spontaneous reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction.


PMID 25230302

Abstract

Spontaneous reperfusion (SR) was associated with better clinical outcomes and lower incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide and elevated systemic ET-1 levels predict a poor prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to investigate the relationship between systemic ET-1 plasma levels and SR in a group of STEMI patients treated with a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We measured ET-1 levels acutely (within the first 6 h) in 33 STEMI patients with SR and 45 STEMI patients with non-SR presenting with their first STEMI who underwent primary PCI. Blood samples for ET-1 plasma level measurement were drawn after vascular puncture before angiography in the catheterization laboratory from the peripheral vein.The mean age of the patients was 56.1±13.3 years in the SR group and 57.4±11.4 years in the non-SR group. The circulating level of ET-1 was considerably higher in the non-SR patients than in the SR patients (0.81±0.2, 1.0±0.3, P=0.004). On multivariable logistic regression analysis, the ET-1 level was the only significant predictor of SR (P=0.01).The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the ET-1 level at admission is an indicator of SR, with an area under the curve of 0.62. This study shows that in patients admitted with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction, ET-1 plasma levels are related to angiographic SR before primary PCI.