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Journal of Korean medical science

Benefits of a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) technique with one icodextrin-containing and two biocompatible glucose-containing dialysates for preservation of residual renal function and biocompatibility in incident CAPD patients.


PMID 25246739

Abstract

In a prospective randomized controlled study, the efficacy and safety of a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) technique has been evaluated using one icodextrin-containing and two glucose-containing dialysates a day. Eighty incident CAPD patients were randomized to two groups; GLU group continuously using four glucose-containing dialysates (n=39) and ICO group using one icodextrin-containing and two glucose-containing dialysates (n=41). Variables related to residual renal function (RRF), metabolic and fluid control, dialysis adequacy, and dialysate effluent cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels were measured. The GLU group showed a significant decrease in mean renal urea and creatinine clearance (-Δ1.2 ± 2.9 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P=0.027) and urine volume (-Δ363.6 ± 543.0 mL/day, P=0.001) during 12 months, but the ICO group did not (-Δ0.5 ± 2.7 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P=0.266; -Δ108.6 ± 543.3 mL/day, P=0.246). Peritoneal glucose absorption and dialysate calorie load were significantly lower in the ICO group than the GLU group. The dialysate CA125 and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in the ICO group than the GLU group. Dialysis adequacy, β2-microglobulin clearance and blood pressure did not differ between the two groups. The CAPD technique using one icodextrin-containing and two glucose-containing dialysates tends to better preserve RRF and is more biocompatible, with similar dialysis adequacy compared to that using four glucose-containing dialysates in incident CAPD patients. [Clincal Trial Registry, ISRCTN23727549].