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Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology

The dopamine stabilizer (-)-OSU6162 occupies a subpopulation of striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptors: an [(11)C]raclopride PET study in healthy human subjects.


PMID 25248987

Abstract

(-)-OSU6162 is a dopamine stabilizer that can counteract both hyperdopaminergic and hypodopaminergic states. In this study, D2/D3 receptor occupancy of (-)-OSU6162 in the human brain was investigated using positron emission tomography (PET). Twelve male healthy volunteers underwent [(11)C]raclopride PET scanning before and 1 h after a single oral dose of (-)-OSU6162 (15-90 mg). Blood samples for determination of (-)-OSU6162 and prolactin plasma levels were collected at Tmax. Parametric images of [(11)C]raclopride binding potential relative to nondisplaceable tissue (cerebellar grey matter) uptake (BPND) at baseline and after (-)-OSU6162 administration were generated using the simplified reference tissue model. MRI-based regions of interest were defined for the striatum, composed of caudate nucleus and putamen, and projected onto the co-registered parametric [(11)C]raclopride BPND image. Furthermore, three striatal subregions, ie, anterior dorsal caudate, anterior dorsal putamen, and ventral striatum, were defined manually and additionally analyzed. Plasma concentrations of (-)-OSU6162, ranging from 0.01 to 0.9 μM, showed a linear relationship with prolactin levels, reflecting blockade of pituitary D2 receptors. A concentration-dependent increase in striatal D2/D3 receptor occupancy was observed, reaching a value of about 20% at an (-)-OSU6162 plasma level of 0.2 μM, and which for higher concentrations leveled off to a maximal occupancy of about 40%. Findings were similar in the striatal subregions. The present data corroborate the notion that (-)-OSU6162 binds preferentially to a subpopulation of D2/D3 receptors, possibly predominantly extrasynaptic, and this may form the basis for the dopamine-stabilizing properties of (-)-OSU6162.

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