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Life sciences

C-type natriuretic peptide ameliorates ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury by inhibiting apoptosis and oxidative stress in rats.


PMID 25283078

Abstract

Although atrial natriuretic peptide has been shown to attenuate ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced kidney injury, the effect of natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B activation on IR-induced acute kidney injury is not well documented. The purpose of the present study was to identify the effect of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), a selective activator of NPR-B, on the IR-induced acute kidney injury and its mechanisms involved. Unilaterally nephrectomized rats were insulted by IR in their remnant kidney, and they were randomly divided into three groups: sham, vehicle+IR, and CNP+IR groups. CNP (0.2μg/kg/min) was administered intravenously at the start of a 45-min renal ischemia for 2h. Rats were then killed 24h after I/R, and the blood and tissue samples were collected to assess renal function, histology, TUNEL assay, and Western blot analysis of kidney Bax and Bcl-2 expressions. The levels of blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine were significantly increased in rats after IR compared with vehicle-treated rats. IR elevated apoptosis, Bcl-2/Bax ratio, TUNEL positivity, oxidative stress parameters, malondialdehyde concentration, and superoxide dismutase activity. IR also induced epithelial desquamation of the proximal tubules and glomerular shrinkage. CNP significantly attenuated the IR-induced increase in BUN and serum creatinine. Furthermore, CNP restored the suppressed renal cyclic guanosine 3' 5'-monophosphate levels caused by IR insult. Study findings suggest that CNP could ameliorate IR-induced acute kidney injury through inhibition of apoptotic and oxidative stress pathways, possibly through NPR-B-cGMP signaling.