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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Altered signaling pathways linked to angiotensin II underpin the upregulation of renal Na(+)-ATPase in chronically undernourished rats.


PMID 25283821

Abstract

This study has investigated the participation of altered signaling linked to angiotensin II (Ang II) that could be associated with increased Na(+) reabsorption in renal proximal tubules during chronic undernutrition. A multideficient chow for rats (basic regional diet, BRD) was used, which mimics several human diets widely taken in developing countries. The Vmax of the ouabain-resistant Na(+)-ATPase resident in the basolateral membranes increased >3-fold (P<0.001) accompanied by an increase in Na(+) affinity from 4.0 to 0.2mM (P<0.001). BRD rats had a >3-fold acceleration of the formation of phosphorylated intermediates in the early stage of the catalytic cycle (in the E1 conformation) (P<0.001). Immunostaining showed a huge increase in Ang II-positive cells in the cortical tubulointerstitium neighboring the basolateral membranes (>6-fold, P<0.001). PKC isoforms (α, ε, λ, ζ), Ang II type 1 receptors and PP2A were upregulated in BRD rats (in %): 55 (P<0.001); 35 (P<0.01); 125, 55, 11 and 30 (P<0.001). PKA was downregulated by 55% (P<0.001). With NetPhosK 1.0 and NetPhos 2.0, we detected 4 high-score (>0.70) regulatory phosphorylation sites for PKC and 1 for PKA in the primary sequence of the Na(+)-ATPase α-subunit, which are located in domains that are key for Na(+) binding and catalysis. Therefore, chronic undernutrition stimulates tubulointerstitial activity of Ang II and impairs PKC- and PKA-mediated regulatory phosphorylation, which culminates in an exaggerated Na(+) reabsorption across the proximal tubular epithelium.